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A brief concept about hemorrhoids

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What are hemorrhoids?

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The medical term for hemorrhoids is hemorrhoids. In contrast to arteries, veins are weak due to their thin walls, so any reverse pressure in the veins can make them tortuous.

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There are two types of hemorrhoids, depending on the condition.

  • 1) External hemorrhoids.
  • 2) Internal hemorrhoids.

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1) External hemorrhoids:-

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This type of hemorrhoid is seen outside the anus, covered by the skin and is black or brown in color. This type of hemorrhoid is very painful because of the rich supply of nerves in the area.

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2) Internal hemorrhoids:-

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It is located inside the anal canal, inside the anus. It is covered with mucous membrane and is red or purple in color. These hemorrhoids are painless.

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In some cases, internal and external hemorrhoids occur in the same person.

Factors that cause hemorrhoids: —

  • 1) It is a familial disease.
  • 2) Hemorrhoids are only seen in animals that remain in an upright position. This is due to congestion of the rectal veins due to gravity.
  • 3) It is commonly seen in people who have chronic constipation. Those who have the habit of going to the toilet may develop hemorrhoids in the future due to the frequent urge to defecate.
  • 4) Hemorrhoids are common in those who eat excessive amounts of chicken, shrimp, and spicy foods; those who eat vegetables and fibrous foods are rarely affected.
  • 5) Some ladies develop hemorrhoids during pregnancy due to pressure of the uterus on the rectal veins.
  • 6) Cancer of the rectum can block blood flow and cause hemorrhoids.

Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids:-

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1) Pain:-

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Pain is common in external hemorrhoids and worsens when straining during bowel movement.

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2) Bleeding:-

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Bleeding is splashed during stool and in some cases it may be profuse.

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3) Protruding lumps:-

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Swelling around the anus can be felt in external hemorrhoids, but in the case of internal hemorrhoids, it is not initially felt. When the condition progresses, the hemorrhoid protrudes during bowel movement and will automatically enter the body.

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4) In some cases, there will be mucus flowing around the anus with itching.

Complications of hemorrhoids: –

  • 1. Infection. Infection can spread to deep veins and lead to sepsis.
  • 2,Fibrosis: Hemorrhoids become fibrotic and the anus becomes hard.
  • 3,Thrombosis: Blood clots can form inside the hemorrhoid and can impede blood flow.
  • 4,Gangrene: The hemorrhoid and the nearby skin tissue die due to lack of blood supply.
  • 5,Suppuration. When a hemorrhoid becomes septic, an abscess is created and pus is discharged.

Treatment of hemorrhoids:-

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Treatment is initially based on symptoms, constipation should be treated and iron should be given if there is anemia. If medication does not have any effect, the following methods can be tried.

  • 1) Removal of thrombosed external hemorrhoids under local anesthesia.
  • 2) Sclerosant injection therapy can reduce the size of the hemorrhoid.
  • 3) Rubber band ligation of the neck of the hemorrhoid can be useful in some cases.
  • 4) Cryosurgery is very effective.
  • 5) Anal dilatation can reduce constipation and pain.
  • 6) Hemorrhoidectomy is the surgical removal of hemorrhoids.

How can I prevent hemorrhoids?

  • 1) Eat more fruits and vegetables.
  • 2)Take fibrous food.
  • 3)Avoid excessive intake of meat, shrimp, crab, etc.
  • 4) Maintain a regular eating schedule.
  • 6) Drink adequate amount of water.
  • 7) Maintain regular bowel habits.
  • 8) Take measures to treat constipation.